Android (operating system) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Android. Android 7. Nougat (with some Google apps)Developer. Written in. Java (UI). Android's user interface is mainly based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that loosely correspond to real- world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to manipulate on- screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input. In addition to touchscreen devices, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Android Wear for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface.
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Variants of Android are also used on notebooks, game consoles, digital cameras, and other electronics. Android has the largest installed base of all operating systems (OS) of any kind. The success of Android has made it a target for patent (and copyright) litigation as part of the so- called . Though, when it was realized that the market for the devices was not large enough, the company diverted its efforts toward producing a smartphone operating system that would rival Symbian and Microsoft Windows Mobile. Steve Perlman, a close friend of Rubin, brought him $1. Google marketed the platform to handset makers and carriers on the promise of providing a flexible, upgradable system. Google had lined up a series of hardware component and software partners and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part.
Each major release is named in alphabetical order after a dessert or sugary treat; for example, version 1. In 2. 01. 0, Google launched its Nexus series of devices . HTC collaborated with Google to release the first Nexus smartphone. Google has since updated the series with newer devices, such as the Nexus 5 phone (made by LG) and the Nexus 7 tablet (made by Asus). Google releases the Nexus phones and tablets to act as their flagship Android devices, demonstrating Android's latest software and hardware features.
As of Android 5.0, the following languages are supported: Afrikaans, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Melayu, Catal Update: This post was written in late 2010, a time when it was difficult to find a PDF app for a cheap Android tablet. That is no longer true. If you need a PDF app.
From 2. 01. 3 until 2. Google offered several Google Play Edition devices over Google Play. While not carrying the Google Nexus branding, these were Google- customized Android phones and tablets that also ran the latest version of Android, free from manufacturer or carrier modifications. From 2. 01. 0 to 2.
Hugo Barra served as product spokesperson, representing Android at press conferences and Google I/O, Google. Barra's product involvement included the entire Android ecosystem of software and hardware, including Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, Jelly Bean and Kit. Kat operating system launches, the Nexus 4 and Nexus 5 smartphones, the Nexus 7. In May 2. 01. 5, Google announced Project Brillo as a cut- down version of Android that uses its lower levels (excluding the user interface), intended for the . Recent devices do get security updates. Internal hardware, such as accelerometers, gyroscopes and proximity sensors.
Android homescreens are typically made up of app icons and widgets; app icons launch the associated app, whereas widgets display live, auto- updating content, such as the weather forecast, the user's email inbox, or a news ticker directly on the homescreen. This status bar can be . Beginning on Android 4. These appearance changes include a multi- page dock or no dock, and many more changes to fundamental features of the user interface. Java may be combined with C/C++, together with a choice of non- default runtimes that allow better C++ support.
Initially, Google's supported integrated development environment (IDE) was Eclipse using the Android Development Tools (ADT) plugin; in December 2. Google released Android Studio, based on Intelli.
J IDEA, as its primary IDE for Android application development. Other development tools are available, including a native development kit (NDK) for applications or extensions in C or C++, Google App Inventor, a visual environment for novice programmers, and various cross platform mobile web applications frameworks. In January 2. 01. Google unveiled an framework based on Apache Cordova for porting Chrome. HTML 5web applications to Android, wrapped in a native application shell.
Google Play Store is the primary application store installed on Android devices that comply with Google's compatibility requirements and license the Google Mobile Services software. Examples of these third- party stores have included the Amazon Appstore, Get. Jar, and Slide. Me. F- Droid, another alternative marketplace, seeks to only provide applications that are distributed under free and open sourcelicenses.
When an application is not in use the system suspends its operation so that, while available for immediate use rather than closed, it does not use battery power or CPU resources. The software is available for developers, and will be widely released later in 2. Hardware. HTC Dream or T- Mobile G1, the first commercially released device running Android (2. The main hardware platform for Android is the ARM (ARMv.
ARMv. 8- A architectures), with x.
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